This is the first article of the three on this topic. It includes the following items: a) according to the data of the Maritime register of shipping of the USSR-Russia 1932-2005, the number of scientific vessels has been determined; b) the distribution of R/V by age, agencies, displacement and sea water areas (sea basins) has been given. Special attention was paid to research vessels of the 1960s. Based on this, the author comes to the conclusion that the capabilities of Russian research fleet to conduct necessary marine researches in the interests of the country have been lost forever.
R/V (research vessels), number of R/V, Marine Register of Shipping, the reliability of knowledge about the research vessels
This paper provides a brief overview of the current state of study of non-periodic level variations in the synoptic (1 -20 days) scale of variability - storm surges on the coast of the Sea of Japan, the Sea of Okhotsk and the Bering Sea. Three research directions are being described:
- On the basis of statistical analysis of observational data, regime characteristics have been determined, and features of the development of extreme tide phenomenon (storm surges and ebb waves) on various parts of the coast have been studied;
- On the basis of physical-statistical and probability methods the influence of meteorological factors (wind, atmospheric pressure) on the changes of sea level has been evaluated, the possible ways of storm surges’ formation in different weather and geographical conditions have been studied;
- On the basis of numerical hydrodynamic models of “shallow water theory”, the evolution of sea level fluctuations in unstudied by observations coastal areas of the Far Eastern seas has been studied. Based on the calculations, diagrams of the dependence of storm surge heights on weather parameters in certain points of the coast of the Sea of Japan, Sea of Okhotsk and Bering Sea are formed.
In conclusion, it is noted that at present the problem of studying and forecasting storm surges on the coast of the Far Eastern seas is still far from perfect.The points of integrated approach to solve the problem are identified, which, with appropriate funding at both the Federal and regional levels, may be fulfilled as the requests and needs of economic organizations in the Far Eastern region are met.
storm surges, sea level, Sea of Japan, Bering Sea, synoptic conditions, cyclones, hydro-meteorological information
On April 6, 2020, a catastrophic accident took place in the Korean port Busan when 13900 TEU vessel “MILANO BRIDGE” (operated by ONE – Ocean Network Express, Japan) was approaching berth with the pilot abroad. The vessel’s sizes are 366.94 x 51,7 m.
How could it happen? Despite the fact that the equipment was serviceable, the weather was normal, but it happened.
To understand we can get acquainted with the report of the captain Nobuyuki YAMAOKA, Senior Vice President, on points when the important decisions in the process of vessel's advancement were made.
As well, there is also an electronic map of the mooring area of the ship – Busan Newport, from the Ship Traffic Control Center. It shows how the ship was moving, at what speed and event points, where the pilot's instructions for using the main engine and steering device were implemented.
Captain Nobuyuki YAMAOKA calls to the Maritime community to reduce the number of accidents to zero. Expert and author of the article presents his own commentary about how to avoid a trap of sea accidents – in other words, what to do, how to do and by what means to solve the problem.
container vessel, berth, stern area, operator, deck, propeller, pilot
The present article considers the dynamics of activity of the main ports of the US West Coast – Port of Los Angeles and Long Beach. Due to their focus on China as a main trade partner these ports experienced disruptions caused both by pandemic and trade disputes between China and US. Despite growth demonstrated during the third quarter the uncertainty about future state of ports remains as the world is overcoming new wave of pandemic.
Port of Los Angeles, Port of Long Beach, pandemic, trade war, China
Arctic tourism today is one of the rapidly developing areas. Many Arctic (and not only) countries offer a variety of tourist programs to visit the territories and waters of the Arctic zone. Russia is also making efforts in this field, developing a system of natural reserves and offering various tourist routes. Meanwhile, there remains a large window of opportunity for the development of this type of activities.
Each part of the Russian Arctic zone, Western and Eastern areas, has its own set of tourist routes. In addition, the paper indicates the factors of the formation of demand for Arctic tourism, presents proposals for the duration and seasonality of tours, as well as for increasing the attractiveness of cruise transportation.
Arctic, tourism, cruise, natural reserve, route
The article considers the problems of creation (on the base of transport-logistics complex) of image promotion system for the goods produced in the Far East to the countries of Asia-Pacific. Firstly, there are analyzed the ways of image development for the Far Eastern goods and services in accordance with the so-called policy of “Eastern vector”. Secondly, there are described the prospects for image potential of new logistics ways and projects, such as the development of the Northern Sea Route, use of information possibilities for shipping companies, airports, land border crossings, transport container park of the Russian logistics operators etc.
Vladivostok, sea ports, policy of “Eastern vector”, images, marine transport and logistics, cooperation in Asia-Pacific, marine education, Arctic projects, airports, container services, brands, territory brands, Far Eastern goods and services
According to ICC monitoring data, dumps are the main land-based sources of marine litter in the Russian Far East and particularly in Primorsky Territory. That is why waste management system is an important step toward the solution of sea pollution problem. The main points and first results of the waste management system reformation started in 2020 are examined in the article.
marine litter, waste management, ICC, coastal cleanup, ecological actions
The article focuses on the fact that the efficiency of the main ship diesel engine depends on the presence of prolonged non-stationary operating modes. Experimental data on the performance of the main power plant was modelled on the Engine Room Simulator at the Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University (MSUN).Transients for the engine-speed controller with various laws of regulation are shown.
disturbing influences, non-stationary modes, transient processes, quality of regulation, automatic control system, reliability of the diesel engine.
© Admiral Nevelskoy Maritime State University, NPO «Asia-Pacific Journal of Marine Science&Education. Editors Board».